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Highlights from the
Book of Exodus
Mechanicsburg, PA 17055
Introduction to Bible Highlights
The purpose of Bible Highlights: the Bible tends to be repetitious and not always chronological. Therefore, Bible Highlights can help you get a sense of the Big Picture by scanning for key sections that are needed at a particular point in your Bible study and teaching. However, the complete Bible should always be used in conjunction with Bible Highlights, and always takes priority over anything you may read in Bible Highlights.
Click for an index of books completed to date.
Scriptures used are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984, 1987 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers.
All scripture verses should be read within the context of the whole passage: who said it, to whom was it said, why was it said, what happened before and after. Therefore, the following verses should be studied from the Bible, within their context.
This website is built on the following givens:
The God of the Bible is the CEO of the entire universe. There is only one God and He is the God of the Holy Bible.
Jesus Christ is the Divine Son of God.
The only way to escape the death penalty for sin is to personally accept Jesus as your Sacrifice. He died so we won't have to die.
The Bible is the Divinely-inspired Word of God.
- The Bible has never been in proven conflict with scientific fact. The Bible is not a history book nor a work of science. However, the latest scientific and archeological discoveries are in perfect harmony with what the Bible has said from Day One.
The primary purpose of the Bible is to reveal God's plan for our salvation. Therefore the Bible doesn't tell us everything we want to know. It only tells us what we need to know in order to spend eternity in Heaven with God, Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, and the Holy Angels.
God's original plan for the human race was to have a personal, one-to-one relationship with us. However, Eve and Adam sinned in the garden of Eden, causing God to go to Plan B. He evicted our first ancestors, Adam and Eve, from the garden of Eden.
However, humans didn't learn easily. By Noah's time, sinning had become so prevalent that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time. The result was the great flood that destroyed every living thing except Noah and his family.
You'd think that now that humans had seen how powerful God was and how much He hated sin, they would have straightened up and flown right. Not so! By Genesis 11, humans had become so arrogant and self-centered, they tried to build a tower to Heaven. This was an act of pride and egotism, not a desire to be closer to God. The result was the confusion of languages.
How to Use the Bible Highlights Website
Blocks of red text with chapter and verse references contain selected verses of the Bible from the New International Version [NIV].
The blocks of black text contain the author's comments that relate to the Bible text in red.
Table of Contents for
Bible Highlights Selected Books
EX 1:6 Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died, 7 but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous, so that the land was filled with them.
So far, God's Pipeline to Jesus consisted of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and his twelve sons, including Joseph.
EX 1:8 Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt. 9 "Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become much too numerous for us. 10 Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."
With the passing of time, Joseph died and there were no Egyptians left who remembered the good work Joseph had done as the Secretary of Agriculture.
The new Pharaoh was worried by the increasing Hebrew population, fearing that they would side with their enemies and over run them.
EX 1:11 So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. 12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites 13 and worked them ruthlessly. 14 They made their lives bitter with hard labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.
The Egyptians had mastered the process of building with bricks. They built cities and buildings with bricks. They used the Hebrews as slave labor and may have built pyramids with their help, whipping them to make them work faster.
EX 1:15 The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, whose names were Shiphrah and Puah, 16 "When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live."
The Egyptians didn't stop with the whip. The midwives were ordered to kill all male babies at birth.
17 The midwives, however, feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do; they let the boys live. 18 Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, "Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?"
We don't know why, but the midwives feared God and disobeyed the order to kill all male babies. Perhaps God was protecting His pipeline, and wanted to be sure that male babies lived and carried on the bloodline that would lead to Christ.
EX 1:22 Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live."
Not to be outfoxed by the midwives, Pharaoh stepped up the pressure on the Hebrews.
Moses Found in the river
EX 2:1 Now a man of the house of Levi married a Levite woman, 2 and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months. 3 But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile. 4 His sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him.
By the time Moses was three months old, his mother developed a plan for his salvation from the killers. She made a basket of papyrus and coated it with tar. Then she posted Miriam, her daughter, to watch over him from a distance.
EX 2:5 Then Pharaoh's daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, and her attendants were walking along the river bank. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her slave girl to get it. 6 She opened it and saw the baby. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. "This is one of the Hebrew babies," she said.
God's plan for saving Moses started when He put kindness in her heart, perhaps at birth. While bathing, she saw Moses in the reeds. She knew he was a Hebrew boy because he was circumcised.
EX 2:7 Then his sister asked Pharaoh's daughter, "Shall I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?"
Miriam gets a gold star because she suggested that Moses' mother be recruited as a wet nurse for the foundling. We see another segment of God's plan for saving Moses. The family probably could use the extra money, too.
EX 2:8 "Yes, go," she answered. And the girl went and got the baby's mother. 9 Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take this baby and nurse him for me, and I will pay you." So the woman took the baby and nursed him. 10 When the child grew older, she took him to Pharaoh's daughter and he became her son. She named him Moses, saying, "I drew him out of the water."
Since Moses was a key factor in the pipeline, God had has hand on Moses and boosted him into the halls of Pharaoh's private quarters. Things he would learn in these early years would be useful at a time he was negotiating for the Hebrews' release.
Moses Guilty of Murder
EX 2:15 When Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in Midian, where he sat down by a well. 16 Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father's flock. 17 Some shepherds came along and drove them away, but Moses got up and came to their rescue and watered their flock.
One day, Moses killed an Egyptian who was beating a Hebrew slave. When Pharaoh heard of this, he wanted to kill Moses, who escaped into the desert. Never one to flee violence, Moses helped some shepherd girls water their flock by driving away some bullies. They were the daughters of the priest of Midian.
Moses Wins a Wife
EX 2:20 "And where is he?" he asked his daughters. "Why did you leave him? Invite him to have something to eat." EX 2:21 Moses agreed to stay with the man, who gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage. 22 Zipporah gave birth to a son, and Moses named him Gershom, saying, "I have become an alien in a foreign land."
When Reuel, their father, learned of the kind acts of Moses, he invited him to eat with them. To make a long story short, Reuel gave his daughter, Zipporah, to Moses as his wife.
God Speaks to Moses from the Burning Bush
EX 2:23 During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God. 24 God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. 25 So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them. EX 3:1 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. 2 There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. 3 So Moses thought, "I will go over and see this strange sight--why the bush does not burn up."
God had not forgotten the Israelites in their slavery. He heard their prayers for deliverance and began to activate a plan of salvation for them. While Moses was tending the sheep of his father in law, he saw a flaming bush that kept on burning. Moses stopped to check it out. The Bible actually says, this was an "angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire." Some skeptics look for natural reasons why the bush kept burning. Forget it! This was actually a torch of God held by an angel. It was all supernatural. [Supernatural is something that is above and beyond the laws of nature and can't be explained by secular logic. Meanwhile, God is revealing his plan for the salvation of the Israelites from slavery. He speaks to Moses from the burning bush.
Moses is Shy
EX 3:13 Moses said to God, "Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, `The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they ask me, `What is his name?' Then what shall I tell them?" EX 3:14 God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: `I AM has sent me to you.' "
So far, we have seen Moses is ready to help shepherd girls in trouble. Here, he gets all up tight about facing Pharaoh for the release of the Hebrew slaves. God says to tell who need to know that the I AM has sent me. I AM means that God exists in the eternal present tense. For Him, there is no past tense or future tense. God is always in the present tense.
EX 3:16 "Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, `The LORD, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob-- appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. 17 And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites--a land flowing with milk and honey.'
God tells Moses to call a meeting of the leadership of Israel and tell them that God has promised to help them leave Egypt and travel to the land He has promised to give them, a land that is flowing with milk and honey. When a land is flowing with milk and honey, this means there are cows that have given birth to calves and are ready to be milked and blossoming fruit and vegetables where the bees are busily doing the business of pollination and making honey.
By the way, this land is known Biblically as the Promised Land, not the "promise land." This is the land God has promised to the Israelites from day one. The geographic name is Canaan, a land populated by godless idol worshippers who God is going to evict with the armies of the Israelites.
EX 4:1 Moses answered, "What if they do not believe me or listen to me and say, `The LORD did not appear to you'?" EX 4:2 Then the LORD said to him, "What is that in your hand?" "A staff," he replied. EX 4:3 The LORD said, "Throw it on the ground." Moses threw it on the ground and it became a snake, and he ran from it. 4 Then the LORD said to him, "Reach out your hand and take it by the tail." So Moses reached out and took hold of the snake and it turned back into a staff in his hand. 5 "This," said the LORD, "is so that they may believe that the LORD, the God of their fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has appeared to you."
Moses is still shy and afraid the Israelites will not pay attention to him. But God has given special powers to his staff. When He throws it on the ground, it becomes a snake. When Moses picks it up the tail, the snake is a staff again. The serpent is a symbol of Satan and all things evil. God is showing Moses, and the Israelites, that God is greater than Satan.
EX 4:6 Then the LORD said, "Put your hand inside your cloak." So Moses put his hand into his cloak, and when he took it out, it was leprous, like snow. EX 4:7 "Now put it back into your cloak," he said. So Moses put his hand back into his cloak, and when he took it out, it was restored, like the rest of his flesh. EX 4:8 Then the LORD said, "If they do not believe you or pay attention to the first miraculous sign, they may believe the second. 9 But if they do not believe these two signs or listen to you, take some water from the Nile and pour it on the dry ground. The water you take from the river will become blood on the ground."
God gives Moses two more calling cards, besides the staff/snake. One is leprosy that comes and goes and one is turning the Nile water into blood. Leprosy is a type of sin and blood represents salvation via sacrifice. Without the shedding of blood, there is no salvation. This is true for Cain and Abel and it's true for you and me. Until we look to the cross, and the shed blood of our Lamb of God, Jesus Christ, there can be no eternal life.
EX 4:10 Moses said to the LORD, "O Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither in the past nor since you have spoken to your servant. I am slow of speech and tongue." EX 4:11 The LORD said to him, "Who gave man his mouth? Who makes him deaf or mute? Who gives him sight or makes him blind? Is it not I, the LORD? 12 Now go; I will help you speak and will teach you what to say." EX 4:13 But Moses said, "O Lord, please send someone else to do it."
Moses continues to waffle and complain, saying he is not up to the job, and finally asks God to find someone else.
Pharaoh says No the First Time
EX 5:1 Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: `Let my people go, so that they may hold a festival to me in the desert.' " EX 5:2 Pharaoh said, "Who is the LORD, that I should obey him and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD and I will not let Israel go."
Finally, Moses and Aaron, his brother, agree to work together on God's exodus plan for freeing the Israelite slaves. When they meet Pharaoh and ask him to release the Hebrews to go and worship in the desert, Pharaoh refused and set a pattern that will continue until ten plagues later, the death angel kills his son.
The first plague: the Nile is turned into blood
EX 7:20 Moses and Aaron did just as the LORD had commanded. He raised his staff in the presence of Pharaoh and his officials and struck the water of the Nile, and all the water was changed into blood. 21 The fish in the Nile died, and the river smelled so bad that the Egyptians could not drink its water. Blood was everywhere in Egypt. EX 7:22 But the Egyptian magicians did the same things by their secret arts, and Pharaoh's heart became hard; he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said. 23 Instead, he turned and went into his palace, and did not take even this to heart. 24 And all the Egyptians dug along the Nile to get drinking water, because they could not drink the water of the river.
In general, all the plagues were an attack on Pharaoh's worship of many entities, non of the the True God. The morning ritual of going down to the Nile was an act of worship.
The Nile was critical to life in Egypt. Now all water was blood. But with the help of Satan and his demons, the court magicians were able to replicate the plague of water into blood. They must have done what the people did for drinking water: they probably dug wells also so they had water for their evil work. Pharaoh's heart was hard and he still refused to let the Israelites go into the desert.
The second plague; frogs everywhere
EX 8:5 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, `Stretch out your hand with your staff over the streams and canals and ponds, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt.' " EX 8:6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land. 7 But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts; they also made frogs come up on the land of Egypt. EX 8:8 Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Pray to the LORD to take the frogs away from me and my people, and I will let your people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD."
Even though the evil magicians were able to duplicate frogs, also, Pharaoh asked Moses to pray for frog deliverance and he would let the slaves go into the desert to offer sacrifices. Pharaoh says he believes in God and the power of prayer, is he sincere? By the way, frogs were also worshipped and could not be killed.
EX 8:12 After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh, Moses cried out to the LORD about the frogs he had brought on Pharaoh. 13 And the LORD did what Moses asked. The frogs died in the houses, in the courtyards and in the fields. 14 They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them. 15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.
Moses kept his word and prayed for frog deliverance. When the frogs stopped hopping, Pharaoh stopped cooperating and still said "no".
The third plague: gnats and lice everywhere and on everything
EX 8:16 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, `Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground,' and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats." 17 They did this, and when Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the ground, gnats came upon men and animals. All the dust throughout the land of Egypt became gnats. 18 But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts, they could not. And the gnats were on men and animals. EX 8:19 The magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not listen, just as the LORD had said.
The magicians said, "we give up". Pharaoh still has a hard head as well as heart and says NO.
Several years ago, the area in which we live was infested with flying gnats. It was impossible to participate in outdoor activities without a lit punk stick to keep the gnats at bay. From personal experience, I can testify that gnats can be very pestiferous.
The fourth plague: flies everywhere but not in the land of Goshen where the Israelites live
EX 8:21 21 If you do not let my people go, I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground where they are.
EX 8:22 " `But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen, where my people live; no swarms of flies will be there, so that you will know that I, the LORD, am in this land.
This is both a plague and a miracle. Even tiny children know you can't control flies. They just go where they want. The miracle is the fact that the flies recognized the boundaries of Goshen and stayed out!
The fifth plague:death of cattle
EX 9:5 The LORD set a time and said, "Tomorrow the LORD will do this in the land." 6 And the next day the LORD did it: All the livestock of the Egyptians died, but not one animal belonging to the Israelites died. 7 Pharaoh sent men to investigate and found that not even one of the animals of the Israelites had died. Yet his heart was unyielding and he would not let the people go.
This death of cattle is an early warning of the coming tenth plague, the angel of death, when the firstborn would die unless protected by the Passover blood.
The sixth plague: festering boils
EX 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh. Moses tossed it into the air, and festering boils broke out on men and animals. 11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils that were on them and on all the Egyptians. 12 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.
Everyone has the screaming itchies! The magicians could not report for work because they couldn't stop scratching. Pharaoh had boils, too. However, he still said NO.
The seventh plague: record-breaking hail
EX 9:13 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Get up early in the morning, confront Pharaoh and say to him, `This is what the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 14 or this time I will send the full force of my plagues against you and against your officials and your people, so you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 15 For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your people with a plague that would have wiped you off the earth. 16 But I have raised you up for this very purpose, that I might show you my power and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth. 17 You still set yourself against my people and will not let them go. 18 Therefore, at this time tomorrow I will send the worst hailstorm that has ever fallen on Egypt, from the day it was founded till now. 19 Give an order now to bring your livestock and everything you have in the field to a place of shelter, because the hail will fall on every man and animal that has not been brought in and is still out in the field, and they will die.' "
Not only is this a record-breaking hailstorm, it's deadly. God warned the Egyptians to make sure all animals are in the barns and sheds. Everything left out in the open would die, including people. Again, the land of Goshen is spared the devastation of the hailstorm.
The eighth plague: ravenous locusts
EX 10:13 So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt, and the LORD made an east wind blow across the land all that day and all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts; 14 they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers. Never before had there been such a plague of locusts, nor will there ever be again. 15 They covered all the ground until it was black. They devoured all that was left after the hail--everything growing in the fields and the fruit on the trees. Nothing green remained on tree or plant in all the land of Egypt.
Again this plague was record-breaking. The locusts ate everything that was left from the hailstorm. All green disappeared and the ground was black with the pests. At first, Pharaoh said the Israelites could go. Again, his hard heart made him change his mind.
The ninth plague: darkness for three days
EX 10:22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days. 23 No one could see anyone else or leave his place for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.
This is a direct confrontation of the sun god. Darkness covered the land, everywhere but the land of Goshen, where God's people lived. The darkness was so complete that no one could see to do anything for three days. Since this lasted for three days, it couldn't be blamed on the weather.
The tenth plague: the death angel that killed all firstborn sons not covered by the Passover blood
EX 11:4 So Moses said, "This is what the LORD says: `About midnight I will go throughout Egypt. 5 Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl, who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle as well. 6 There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt--worse than there has ever been or ever will be again. 7 But among the Israelites not a dog will bark at any man or animal.' Then you will know that the LORD makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel. 8 All these officials of yours will come to me, bowing down before me and saying, `Go, you and all the people who follow you!' After that I will leave." Then Moses, hot with anger, left Pharaoh. EX 11:9 The LORD had said to Moses, "Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you--so that my wonders may be multiplied in Egypt." 10 Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country. EX 12:1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, 2 "This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.
Plan of salvation: the Passover blood
3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household. 4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. 5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. 6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. 7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. 8 That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. 9 Do not eat the meat raw or cooked in water, but roast it over the fire--head, legs and inner parts. 10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD's Passover. EX 12:12 "On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn--both men and animals--and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.
Much is to be learned from the tenth plague and the plan of salvation that goes with it. God planed to kill all firstborn sons from the palace to the slave quarters.
But, there is a plan of salvation. If a Passover animal is killed and the blood splashed around the door in the specified way, the death angel will pass over that house and the firstborn sons will be safe. This was equally true of Egypt and the land of Goshen. If an Egyptian father heard of the death angel and followed the plan of salvation, his son would be safe. But, if an Israelite father heard of the death angel and ignored the plan of salvation, his son would be killed.
The same is true today for Jews, gentiles, and everyone else. Jesus Christ died on the cross as the Lamb of God, heaven's Passover Lamb. If you personally accept Jesus Christ as your Passover Lamb, you will have eternal life. But if you ignore or reject the Passover Lamb, you are headed for eternal damnation.
For the first Passover. there was a ceremony and a menu to be followed. Now, there is a growth process for all baby Christians. You can learn about this at First Steps for Baby Christians, a free pdf download.
EX 12:31 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the LORD as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me." EX 12:33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. "For otherwise," they said, "we will all die!" 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. 36 The LORD had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.
The Death Angel pushed Pharaoh over the edge and he pleaded with Moses to take all the Israelites out of Egypt, along with all their animals. He also asked Moses to bless him.
Public opinion had turned against Pharaoh and the people wanted Moses and all the Hebrew slaves to leave at one before the mission of the Death Angel was expanded to include all Egyptians. God made the Egyptians "favorably disposed" toward the Israelites and they glady gave the fleeing slaves farewll gifts of anything they asked for, The scripture, in Ex. 11:36, uses the word "plunder" to describe these farewell gifts.
These gifts were the beginning of the plunder that the Israelites would collect at times like the fall of Jericho. All valuables would be stored in anticipation of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness God would have His people build when the right time came.
The Israelites left in such a hurry they didn't take time to let the yeast in their bread dough rise to be ready for baking. They left with the dough still in the keading troughs wrapped with cloths and riding on their shoulders. Another word for yeast is leven and this is why the Jewish people eat unleavened bread when they celebrate Passover.
How sad that Jews still celebrate the Exodus Passover but completly ignore the ultimate Passover, when Jesus died on the cross and shed Passover blood for all who accept him as their Passover lamb, the Lamb of God. When the Lamb of God died on the cross, this made obsolete the Exodus passover. Anyone without the passover lamb's blood on their doorframes would lose their firstborn son, when the Death Angel crossed their house. Now, anyone without the Lamb of God's blood on their spiritual heart will go to Hell when they die.
EX 13:18 So God led the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea. The Israelites went up out of Egypt armed for battle. EX 13:19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He had said, "God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place."
The Israelites left Egypt armed for battle, if one occured. They carried Joseph's bones with them because he wanted to be buried in the Promised Land, when they arrived.
The ultimate GPS [Global Positioning System] and HID [high intensity discharge] headlights
EX 13:21 By day the LORD went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. 22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.
Now, we smart phones and cars that have GPS to help us find the way along new [to us] streets and roads. And, many new cars come equipped with HID headloghts. God was way ahead of digital GPS and HID.
He went ahead of the Israelites in a pillar of cloud during the day and a pillar of fire at night. The only way they could get lost was if they were blind or stupid.
Pharaoh renegs and changes his mind about the exodus
EX 14:5 When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds about them and said, "What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!" 6 So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him. 7 He took six hundred of the best chariots, along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them. 8 The LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly. 9 The Egyptians--all Pharaoh's horses and chariots, horsemen and troops--pursued the Israelites and overtook them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.
Suddenly Pharaoh changes his mind about losing all the free labor the Israelites had been providing by making bricks. So, he calls out the troops and launches his entire army in pursuit. This force included all Pharaoh's horses and chariots, horsemen and troops.
EX 14:10 As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and cried out to the LORD. 11 They said to Moses, "Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die? What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Didn't we say to you in Egypt, `Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians'? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!"
The Israelites were scared witless. As a group, we would have to say they were complainers and crybabies. The told Moses they wished they had stayed in Egypt.
This became a pattern in the relationship with Moses. When they were being chased towards the Red Sea, when they didn't have water, when they didn't have bread and meat to eat, they always began to cry and moan! Stay tuned. It isn't over till it's over.
EX 14:15 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Why are you crying out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 16 Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. 17 I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them. And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen. 18 The Egyptians will know that I am the LORD when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen."
Moses still has his trusty staff, the same one that became a snake, the one that turned the Nile River into blood. God tells Moses to unholster that staff and be prepared to use it again. With that staff, Moses will make a path of dry ground for getting past the Red Sea. God plans the ultimate draw play: the Isreaelites will cross on the dry path and when the Egyptians follow them into the dry sea bed, all of a sudden-- no more day land. Here comes the water again!
EX 14:19 Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them, 20 coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long. EX 14:21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the LORD drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land. The waters were divided, 22 and the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.
An angel of God had been traveling in front of Israel's army; he switched and went behind them, and in front of the Egyptians. So we have the pillar of cloud in front of the Egypians and laying down a massive smoke screen. The pillar of fire went in front of the Israelites to show the way through the Red Sea bed. All that night, the Egyptians were at a stand still while the Israelites crossed the Red Sea with a wall of water on either side of the dry path they were following.
The Reed Sea???
Some time ago, I watched a TV documentary about finding where the Israelites crossed the Red Sea. Some researchers thought that a place known as the Reed Sea had been misnamed by the Bible writer and translaters. This Reed Sea was supposed to have been more a marsh with reeds sticking up out of the water. This tale doesn't fit the Bible account.
A marsh would have been a muddy mess, no way near dry land. The Bible speaks of walls of water. There is no way reeds would have been sticking out above the surface of the water!
The wheels come off at the Red Sea battle
EX 14:23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea. 24 During the last watch of the night the LORD looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion. 25 He made the wheels of their chariots come off so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, "Let's get away from the Israelites! The LORD is fighting for them against Egypt." EX 14:26 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen." 27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place. The Egyptians were fleeing toward it, and the LORD swept them into the sea. 28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen--the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea. Not one of them survived.
The Israelites will never lose a battle when they are in the will of God. This is certainly true of the Red Sea battle. When God looked down and saw the Egyptians chasing the Israelites through the the dry bed of the Red Sea, He decided to lend a hand. First, He caused confusion in the Egyptian army. Just a few errant bugle calls would be all it took. Then, He removed the cotter pins from the ends of the chariot axles so the wheels came off. This brought the column of charging chariots to a grinding halt.
The best [worst, if you are in the Egyptian arms] is yet to come.
Then He commands Moses to return the Red Sea to it's usual state. At daybreak, the Red Sea is at a normal level. Result? The entire Egyptian army is wiped out, including wheeless chariots, horsemen, everybody.
There were no survivors to file an after action report! Of course, Moses saw it all, and he wrote the book of Exodus.
Not one of them survived
EX 14:30 That day the LORD saved Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore. 31 And when the Israelites saw the great power the LORD displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared the LORD and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant ...
... Until the next time things didn't go exactly the way they would like. Then they went back to their old ways of crying and moaning because of lack of water, bread, meat, etc.
Water thats's not fit to drink
EX 15:22 Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea and they went into the Desert of Shur. For three days they traveled in the desert without finding water. 23 When they came to Marah, they could not drink its water because it was bitter. (That is why the place is called Marah. ) 24 So the people grumbled against Moses, saying, "What are we to drink?" EX 15:25 Then Moses cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a piece of wood. He threw it into the water, and the water became sweet. There the LORD made a decree and a law for them, and there he tested them. 26 He said, "If you listen carefully to the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you."
Just a few days ago, God wiped out the whole Egyptian army. The Israelites were as high as a kite after that. However, three days toiling through desert sand without water. When they finally found water at Marah, it was not fit to drink. So the moaning and groaning began again. However, God showed Moses a water purification kit in the form of a piece of wood. When Moses threw the wood into the water it potable!
Then God used the water problem as a lesson for the travellers. He said, if you listen to my teachings and follow them, you will be free from all diseases. Many voters today complain about Obamacare. Not the Israelites had Godcare!
Manna [bread] from heaven
EX 16:1 The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt. 2 In the desert the whole community grumbled against Moses and Aaron. 3 The Israelites said to them, "If only we had died by the LORD's hand in Egypt! There we sat around pots of meat and ate all the food we wanted, but you have brought us out into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death." EX 16:4 Then the LORD said to Moses, "I will rain down bread from heaven for you. The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day. In this way I will test them and see whether they will follow my instructions. 5 On the sixth day they are to prepare what they bring in, and that is to be twice as much as they gather on the other days."
After more desert travel, the Israelites are hungry because they have nothing to eat. God's answer: I will rain bread down from heaven. The manna from heaven came with some specific rules:
- Manna will appear in the morning; get it before it melts in the sun.
- Gather an omer [basketful] for each person.
- Eat it during the day but don't save the leftovers because they will become infested with maggots and stink by the next day.
- There will be no manna on Sabbath morning.
- Friday morning, gather two omers per person so you will have something to eat on the Sabbath, when there is to be no work done, including gathering manna.
Meat [quail] from heaven
EX 16:13 That evening quail came and covered the camp,
Quail are game birds and are normally not available for food without the use of guns and dogs. The quail in this story were delivered by God for the express purpose of feeding the traveling Israelites. God knew what complainers the people were, so He surely made them easy to catch. As in all miracles, don't look for a scientic explanation. Just accept the fact that they were delivered by God and were "catchable."
Water from a rock
EX 17: 6 I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it for the people to drink."
Bread and meat from heaven and water from a rock. Now God has shown the Israelites how He will provide for them during their travel through the wilderness.
The defeat of the Amalekites
EX 17:8 The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim. 9 Moses said to Joshua, "Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hands." EX 17:10 So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses had ordered, and Moses, Aaron and Hur went to the top of the hill. 11 As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning. 12 When Moses' hands grew tired, they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held his hands up--one on one side, one on the other--so that his hands remained steady till sunset. 13 So Joshua overcame the Amalekite army with the sword.
The Bible tells about many battles between the forces of good and evil. This is one of the more unusual. The battle with the Amakelites is fought at the base of a hill. Moses is standing on the hilltop, in view of Joshua and the Army of Israel. This is hand to hand combat and lasted all day. When Moses holds up his arms, with the staff of God, Joshua wins the battle. But when Moses slumps in the valley of fatigue and lowers his arms, the battle reverses and Israel is thrown back.
Aaron and Hur leap into the breach and help Moses. They stand on either side and help him hold up his arms. At the end of the day, Joshua and the Israelites have won.
There is a lesson to be learned for church workers. You may not be the pastor, a teacher, or the choir director. But if you make yourself available to help hold up somebody else's arms, it can mean the difference between success or failure of a particular program. Success means people are getting saved and are growing in grace.
Jethro, Moses' father in law, teaches Moses about the Table of Organization
EX 18:13 The next day Moses took his seat to serve as judge for the people, and they stood around him from morning till evening. 14 When his father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he said, "What is this you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge, while all these people stand around you from morning till evening?" EX 18:15 Moses answered him, "Because the people come to me to seek God's will. 16 Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God's decrees and laws." EX 18:17 Moses' father-in-law replied, "What you are doing is not good. 18 You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone. 19 Listen now to me and I will give you some advice, and may God be with you. You must be the people's representative before God and bring their disputes to him. 20 Teach them the decrees and laws, and show them the way to live and the duties they are to perform. 21 But select capable men from all the people--men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain--and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. 22 Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult case to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will share it with you. 23 If you do this and God so commands, you will be able to stand the strain, and all these people will go home satisfied." EX 18:24 Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said. 25 He chose capable men from all Israel and made them leaders of the people, officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. 26 They served as judges for the people at all times. The difficult cases they brought to Moses, but the simple ones they decided themselves. EX 18:27 Then Moses sent his father-in-law on his way, and Jethro returned to his own country.
There may be a recorded instance of the table of organization before the time of Moses and Jethro, but I haven't seen it. Click and tell me about it. Before Jethro, Moses sat all day and judged disputes between the people. This was a colossal waste of time for all concerned. Jethro, with the wisdom of a father in law showed Moses a better way.
He said find good men and make them judges over groups of people: judges over thousands, judges over hundreds, judsges over fifties, judges over tens. Jethro's table of organization looked something like this.
This ilustration shows the style of Jethro's table of organization, a concept used around the world today.
100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100
50 / 50
10 - 10 - 10 - 10 - 10 // 10 - 10 - 10 - 10 - 10
At Mount Sinai
EX 19:16 On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18 Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, the whole mountain trembled violently, 19 and the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder. Then Moses spoke and the voice of God answered him. EX 19:20 The LORD descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up 21 and the LORD said to him, "Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the LORD and many of them perish. 22 Even the priests, who approach the LORD, must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them."
God wanted the Mount Sinai experience to be very important and very memorable in the minds and memories of the Israelites. So He used fire, smoke, an eearthquake, and a loud trumpet blast to make sure He had the their' attention.
After all, He was about to deliver the Ten Commandments!
The Ten Commandments
Number 1: The God of the Bible is the only God
EX 20:3 "You shall have no other gods before me.
This means God is the Chief Executive Officer [CEO] of the universe, God is the CEO of your life, God is the CEO of your home and your marriage, God is the CEO of your career/job.
Number 2: Do not worship idols
EX 20:4 "You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.
It is possible to be guilty of idolatry even if you have never looked at a carved image of anything. If anything in your life ranks above God, such as your wife, family or job, you are guilty of idolatry.
Number 3: Don't use God's name unless you are talking to Him or about Him
EX 20:7 "You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
This may be the most-violated commandment of all ten. The King James Version talks about taking the name of God in vain. Instead of misuse. "In vain" means unnecessary because you are not talking to God or about God. . If you exclaim "Ed Lint" when you are hurt, excited, disappointed, or frightened, you are taking my name in vain. If you use my name when you are not talking to me or about me, you are using my name in vain.
Many slang expressions are close to unnecessary use of Deity's names. Here are a few common slang expressions with their relationship to deity.
Gee, Gee Whiz God Jeepers Creepers
Jesus Christ Damn you, Damn it
God Damn You/it
[Only God has the authority to damn anyone or anything.
Leave all damning to Him!]
Holy smoke Holy Spirit, Holy Ghost
The term cursing is sometimes used to include profanity and vulgarity. Profanity is taking God's name in vain. Vulgarity is using crude terms to make unnecessary reference to bodily functions, including sexual body parts and activities.
By the way, there are no bad words that a married couple can use in the privacy of their bedroom.
Number 4: Sunday is a day of worship and rest
EX 20:8 "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work ...
God worked six days creating the universe and then rested one day. This is an anthropomorphism: giving God human characteristics for illustration purposes. There is a lesson to be learned here. God created humans to function on a 6:1 ration between work and rest. How many trips to the doctor have as their real cause the fact that we are violating this 6:1 ratio of work to rest?
Number 5; Honor your parents
EX 20:12 "Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.
How many of us fail in the full obedience of this commandment. Are Americans equal to Asians in this regard?
Number 6: Do not murder [including unborn babies]
EX 20:13 "You shall not murder.
Abortion is the most frequent and insidious fracture of this commandment.
Number 7: Don't commit adultery
EX 20:14 You shall not commit adultery.
Sexual activity with someone other than your spouse is adultery. In Matt. 5:28, Jesus said that looking at a woman in lust is committing adultery in the heart. A popular song of the sixties said "you can't go to jail for what you're thinking". Maybe not, but this teaching of Jesus states you can go to Hell for what you're thinking. The command against looking at a woman in lust applies equally to women looking at men. It also applies to looking at pictures and reading pornographic materials.
Number 8: Do not steal
EX 20:15 "You shall not steal.
You may not steal objects but are you stealing time from your boss? I worked in a state office building from 1979 to 1994 where this morning schedule was very prevalent: arrive in the office by 7:30 a.m., the official starting time when you are to begin working. Go to the snack bar for breakfast, staying until about eight. Buy a paper after eating and take it back to your office, where you spend about 20 or 30 minutes reading it. Literal starting time, nine a.m.
This building had 21 stories. My office was on the 7th floor. I had a lot of business on the 18th floor, the computer department. There were two banks of elevators, the low bank and the high bank. A trip to the 18th floor required changing elevators on the 10th floor.
A round trip to the 18th floor could have been stretched to an hour, if I stopped to visit with some friends along the way, wasting their time as well as mine. I can honestly say that most of my trips to the computer department were nonstop except for an elevator change on the 10th floor.
Number 9: Don't lie under oath
EX 20:16 "You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.
This is one commandment that is a crime as well as a sin if you break it. The crime for lying under oath is called perjury.
Number 10:Do not covet
EX 20:17 "You shall not covet
There is a difference between coveting and admiring. You can say, without coveting, that I would like to have one like that. When I see a full-size Jaguar, I appreciate the lines enough to buy one if I had the money. However, I do not covet it enough to steal it.
Exodus 20:22 -- 30:38: This section goes into detail on such items as Idols and Altars, Hebrew servants, Personal injuries, Protection of property, Social responsibility, Laws of justice and mercy, The covenant confirmed, Offerings for the tabernacle, The Ark, The table, The altar of burnt offering, The courtyard, Oil for the lampstand, The priestly garments, The ephod, The breastpiece, Other priestly garments, Consecration of priest, Altar of incense, Atonement money, Basin for washing, Anointing oil, Incense.
God's plan for the salvation of the Israelites was highly detailed and very precise. The people could not just offer a sacrificial lamb every once in a while. They had to do everything exactly as God had prescribed or there would be no salvation.
Our savation begins with accepting Jesus Christ as our Lamb of God. Howver, there is a growth process following the initial act of accepting Christ. First Steps for Baby Christians gives some information in this regard.
Skilled craftsmen for God
EX 31:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, 2 "See, I have chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 3 and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, with skill, ability and knowledge in all kinds of crafts-- 4 to make artistic designs for work in gold, silver and bronze, 5 to cut and set stones, to work in wood, and to engage in all kinds of craftsmanship. 6 Moreover, I have appointed Oholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, to help him. Also I have given skill to all the craftsmen to make everything I have commanded you:
God appoints Bezalel as chief craftsman and Oholiab as his assistant. However, the most important thing is the Spirit has filled them with the skills and abilities to do the beautiful work they are called to produce. God still works this way.
My Dad was a coal miner in Western Pennsylvania. When God called him to preach, he filled him with the ability to speak and write that went beyond what he learned during his three years at Bible school.
The tabernacle in the wilderness
EX 26:1 "Make the tabernacle with ten curtains of finely twisted linen and blue, purple and scarlet yarn, with cherubim worked into them by a skilled craftsman. 2 All the curtains are to be the same size--twenty-eight cubits long and four cubits wide. 3 Join five of the curtains together, and do the same with the other five. 4 Make loops of blue material along the edge of the end curtain in one set, and do the same with the end curtain in the other set. 5 Make fifty loops on one curtain and fifty loops on the end curtain of the other set, with the loops opposite each other. 6 Then make fifty gold clasps and use them to fasten the curtains together so that the tabernacle is a unit.
The key fact about God's Tabernacle was that it had to ship flat! The "wall" around the court yard, the enclosure around the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies, all were made of lightweight sections that could be fastened together.
All the items of furniture, starting with the Ark of the Covenant and on to the Lampstand, , were transported with rings and poles. Four men could carry the poles that went through the rings but nerver touched the Ark itself.
The drawing below shows the general appearance of total package. The structure contained the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place, with a curtain separating the two. Only a priest went into the Holy of Holies. He had bells on the bottom of his robe so those in the Holy Place would know things were going alright.
Sinning with the golden cal f
EX 32:1 When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said, "Come, make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don't know what has happened to him." EX 32:2 Aaron answered them, "Take off the gold earrings that your wives, your sons and your daughters are wearing, and bring them to me." 3 So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron. 4 He took what they handed him and made it into an idol cast in the shape of a calf, fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt." EX 32:5 When Aaron saw this, he built an altar in front of the calf and announced, "Tomorrow there will be a festival to the LORD." 6 So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings. Afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry.
Moses hasn't had time to deliver the Ten Commandments when the people are already breaking the second one: idol worship. Aaron is second in command and should have know better. Even though he may not have seen it in print, he surely knew it was wrong to worship idols. Note verse 4, where it says Aaron made the golden calf, "fashioning it with a tool." Remember this when he explains to Moses the origin of the golden calf.
Not only did Aaron make the calf, he called the people to come to a festival to worship it.
Results of calf worship
EX 32:19 When Moses approached the camp and saw the calf and the dancing, his anger burned and he threw the tablets out of his hands, breaking them to pieces at the foot of the mountain. 20 And he took the calf they had made and burned it in the fire; then he ground it to powder, scattered it on the water and made the Israelites drink it. EX 32:21 He said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you led them into such great sin?" EX 32:22 "Do not be angry, my lord," Aaron answered. "You know how prone these people are to evil. 23 They said to me, `Make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don't know what has happened to him.' 24 So I told them, `Whoever has any gold jewelry, take it off.' Then they gave me the gold, and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf!" EX 32:25 Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstock to their enemies. 26 So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said, "Whoever is for the LORD, come to me." And all the Levites rallied to him. EX 32:27 Then he said to them, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: `Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and friend and neighbor.' " 28 The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three thousand of the people died.
The key results of the calf worship are these: Moses burned the calf, ground it into powder, and put it into their drinking water. Aaron blamed this mess on the people, saying you took so long in getting back, the people wanted something to worship; when I threw the gold into the fire, out came a calf! See verse 4 above. When Moses called for those on the Lord's side, the Levites volunteered. The Levites were the clan of the priesthood. Moses told them to strap on swords and go through the camp swinging those swords. Three throusand people fell to the sword that day.
Moses and God were friends
11 The LORD would speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks with his friend ...
God had a lot to tel Moses, including the details of the law of sacrifice, and the instructions on how to build the tabernacle and its furnishings. What a beautiful relationship that must have been.
However, you and I can have that same kind of relationship with God today. Jesus died for us and sits at the Father's right hand. When we talk to Jesus, we are talking to God because they are Triune! Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity.
The shine on Moses' face
EX 34:29 When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the LORD. 30 When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant, and they were afraid to come near him. 31 But Moses called to them; so Aaron and all the leaders of the community came back to him, and he spoke to them. 32 Afterward all the Israelites came near him, and he gave them all the commands the LORD had given him on Mount Sinai. EX 34:33 When Moses finished speaking to them, he put a veil over his face. 34 But whenever he entered the LORD's presence to speak with him, he removed the veil until he came out. And when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded, 35 they saw that his face was radiant. Then Moses would put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with the LORD.
After the Mount Sinai experience, the face of Moses shone so brightly, Aaron and the people were afraid to speak to them. Moses started wearing a veil over his face to knock the shine down a few notches so he wouldn'd spook the common man.
God's GPS again
EX 40:36 In all the travels of the Israelites, whenever the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle, they would set out; 37 but if the cloud did not lift, they did not set out--until the day it lifted. 38 So the cloud of the LORD was over the tabernacle by day, and fire was in the cloud by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel during all their travels.
The pillar of cloud stayed over the tabernacle until it was time to move on. When they saw the cloud move away from the tabernacle, they knew it was time to knock down the tabernacle, affix the poles through the rings, knock down their own tent, pack up their belongings, and get ready to move out.
The pillar of cloud directed them during daylight hours and the pillar of fire gave them direction and illumination if they had to travel by night.
The author of the Bible Highlights is G. Edwin Lint
He has a broad knowledge base and extensive training, and experience. His formal education includes Bachelor of Science in Bible and Bachelor of Theology degrees from the Allentown, Pennsylvania campus of Houghton College; Master of Arts in educational supervision and administration from Rowan University in Glassboro, New Jersey.
He has 36 years of professional education experience with state certification as: Elementary teacher Elementary supervisor Supervisor of curriculum and instruction Elementary principal Special education teacher Supervisor of special education. His professional experience includes 2 years as elementary teacher at Cedarville, NJ, 8 years as teacher, supervisor of special education, and director of education at the Vineland [NJ] State School, 10 years as Assistant superintendent for Rehabilitation Services, and unit manager at the Laurelton [PA] State School, and 15 years as Special Education Adviser for the Pennsylvania Department of Education in Harrisburg.
Throughout his secular career, he has remained active in Christian service in a variety of capacities: Sunday school teacher Sunday school superintendent Teacher trainer Director of Christian education Choir member, choir director Orchestra member (playing trumpet and tuba) Member and manager of a regional Gospel singing group Owner of a Gospel music store Representative for the Pennsylvania Council on Alcohol Problems Interim and supply pastor.
For over 37 years he has worked as a part -time Gospel DJ. In 1971, he earned an FCC Third Class License with Broadcast Endorsement by passing the written examination. During 1973-1997 he produced and hosted a Gospel music radio program: Gospel Caravan. His program was on Internet radio via streaming audio 2000 through 2009. Ed Lint claims that his most important credential is "a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. I have accepted Jesus Christ as my sin sacrifice. He is my Lamb of God and coming King. The Holy Spirit fills me. He gives me power to live a successful Christian life and protects me from Satan and his demons."
He retired in 1994 and has been an educational consultant and primary author of DiskBooks Electronic Publishing. He has the following publications in the Kindle Store:
Angels and Dragons in the Bible, 27 pp
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Church Workers Handbook, 306 pp
Cut & Paste
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PennSTAR Master Curriculum, 591 pp
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ublishing Your Book via Kindle Direct Publishing, 28 pp Remembering 1952 Sunbury Camp 25 pp Sunday Seminars, 53 pp
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